Fuite des cerveaux, retours et diasporas. The Highly Skilled Maghrebians ” on the move “: If the period abroad is henceforth possibly lasting or permanent, one never really knows when it is going to end, nor its true profile, which complicates the plotting of individual careers and migratory paths. In fact, the States seem to have understood the interest this skills mobilization Meyer of their scientific and technical diaspora3 Meyer, could generate, hence a change of direction in the speeches of politicians toward graduates abroad, especially in Tunisia and Morocco4. Revue internationale des sciences sociales, 2 , That is why the situations confronting highly qualified and skilled Maghrebians today are different from those experienced by their predecessors. I tell myself that perhaps one day, I will create something there….
Some of them, even openly, consider themselves to be a national without having first started administrative procedures: Unpublished doctoral dissertation, University of Poitiers, France. If the Maghrebian students adapt to their situation as immigrants with ease Balac, Following their independence, Morocco, Algeria and Tunisia saw the first waves of expatriation of their qualified migrants, mostly to France. So that is the least I can do today, it is really to keep in touch…to share what I have learned in France and the United States with the youngsters…. Skip to main content.
Trajectoires scolaires des Marocains en France et insertion professionnelle au Maroc pp.
Arising from the internationalization of training, when communication conditions have changed and now offer innumerable opportunities, highly skilled graduates manage their careersconfident of unlimited possibilities. That is why the situations confronting highly qualified and skilled Maghrebians today are different from those experienced by their predecessors.
Their practices have brought to light the existence of a new migratory dynamic Ma Mung, ;Tarrius,between the countries north and south of the Mediterranean. I am not speaking about a company, I am speaking about a country. This article deals with their ways of coping with these conflicts, especially between the native and host countries.
All of them describe their path as originating from a series of choices that they made in relation to the priorities that they had fixed andtheir personal aspirations. Whether they return to their native countries immediately upon graduation, after a first experience abroad or whether they chose to stay longer, or even permanently, the highly qualified and skilledMaghrebians manage to conciliate the multiple belongings within this transnational dynamic.
Mobiles, immobiles et ubiquistes. At a time of economic globalization and worldwide exchanges, foreign citizens are considered to be human, scientific and technical capital, not only a factor in the creation of economic wealth and growth, but a guarantee of the skills sought by the companies.
When in the world of work, things evolve. According to the French Ministry for National Education, Higher Education and Research, inFrance received international students of whom the Moroccans were the most numerous 33 ,followed by Chinese Students 30Algerians 21 and Tunisians 11 To begin with, engineers who had trained abroad returned to their country immediately upon graduation, to work on industrial development in national companies or in different ministries.
Within the framework of a research project conducted between andover one hundred semi-directive interviews ofMaghrebian student engineers and graduate engineers were carried out. This is a question of their identification with different lands and cultures, and thus representations of space and mobility.
What I know, I know already. Les diasporas de la connaissance: For example, in a single year,over which the Algerian engineer was interviewed, he returned at least six times to his native country: Some of them progressively share the values, sometimes up to mondialisatjon point where they wish to become a citizen of the country in question: Language Learning and Study Abroad.
There, I would quite happily go to the Paris region…I sometimes tell myself, my family…. However, it is not at all a question of individuals who are totally detached from any sense of belonging to a country or national identity, but people who consider themselves to be bi- national or bi-cultural, who mold their paths between two countries, dissertatiin their native country and that in which they work or have studied.
In reality, the returns or non- returns are explained by a range of variables which depend directly on the individuals themselves and on the weight they give them view of the 7 Mostly originating from towns, they master the French language and are endowed with intercultural awareness obtained in their native countries attendance of French schools and cultural centers, existence of French radio and television channels in the countries of the Maghreb.
This enquiry, through the analysis of the choices made by these individuals throughout their professional career paths, and a structured analysis of their accounts, enabled an insight into how these career paths were formed, the motivation behind them, and the struggles and stresses experienced.
Thus, their distancing is potentially lasting or definitive, which complicates the plotting of individual paths. This phenomenon, which was widely stigmatized in the s, is less so today.
A Circular Cross-border Dynamic from the Mediterranean. In the current context of the internationalization of higher education and career paths, and also the globalization of communication, this leads us to ask questions over the potential development of this new way of experiencing international mobility and considering borders.
Circulation estudiantine en France et projets migratoires sous contraintes: Thus inernationalisation priorities seem to be based on the personal forging a career, personal fulfillment or family spheres rather than a calling to follow an imposed model. Vol 41 1 It also concerns those who returned home.
The engineers that we met within the framework of knternationalisation study had graduated from different French engineering schools between andafter having obtained their Baccalaureate High School Diploma in their native countries, had followed preparatory classes for French engineering schools in France, or theMaghreb or entered directly via a university.
Thanks to the Internet, social networks and digital platforms, highly qualified and skilledMaghrebians can communicate with their nearest and dearest and share their ideas. I échanged all the Moroccan and Algerian news….
Enter the email address you signed up with and we’ll email you a reset link. This is the case, for example, for Onternationalisation, a Moroccan engineer, convinced that his role as an executive in a training and computer consultancy office for Moroccan and European SMEs wishing to invest and set up in Africa, could have made him an ambassador for the creation of a branch of the CNAM in Morocco: