This is made possible by the availability of richly fertile farmlands and favorable climatic conditions. The government will then push these items to the market when the demand for them is high. The equivalent sample weight S and volume of water W was calculated using formulas below:. From the study and the conclusion drawn above, the following recommendations will be found useful for increasing food production in Taraba state if well implemented: There are about 3. Skip to main content.
The brown index of the paste, increased due to the thermal degradation of the originally colourless complex polyphenols proanthocyanidins and lignins to coloured phenols anthogaridins during steaming of the paste Akissoe et al. The yellow trifoliate yam flour though not acceptable as amala but could be used as composite flour. Credit Constraint The lack of adequate provision for agricultural credit from the banking system constitute to the constraint to sustainable agricultural development in Nigeria. Blanching method employed improved the swelling index and water absorption capacity of flour. A simplified assay for milled rice amylose.
The peak viscosity indicates the water-binding capacity of the flour samples, and was reported to be important to the user in order to obtain a useable starch paste Adeyemi The white yam commercial amala was preferred, followed by white yam oven dried and white trifoliate yam amala.
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The pasting properties of trifoliate literahure flours are shown in Fig. No doubt it has continued to play a very important role in the economic development of the country. Rodney sees it as a many sided process but defines it in relation to the individual.
It is also comparable to any starchy root crop in energy and the fleshy tuber is one of the main sources of carbohydrate in the diet of many Nigerians. Sri lanka plant names in sinhala, tamil, sinhala, botany, ethnobotany, etymology, computer science sinhala glossary links to place names, old and new maps.
Increased access to credit facilities. In order to cope with the high cost of labour, farmers are compelled to reduce farming holdings to manageable sizes, thus curtailing potential contribution of this factor to agricultural production. Log In Sign Up. Revised Jul 26; Accepted Mar 6. The density of the flour is important in determining the packaging requirement and material handling Ezeocha et al.
Mulching is essential during October-November with dry grass or plant debris weighted down with balls of mud. Lack of access to credit facilities and other 60 farm inputs. The frequently reported cases of oil spillage in Niger-Delta area also affect the aquatic environment. The equivalent sample weight S and volume of water W was calculated using formulas below: Cereals as food and industrial raw materials.
The regulation of price of a commodity whose supply could not match demand at the stipulated prices encouraged rent seeking behavior, with the subsidy going to unintended beneficiaries corrupt officials, fertilizer contractors, haulers etc to the detriment of farmers. Sorghum stovers are also used for this purpose. Technological innovation in Nigeria is still rudimentary and characterized by low agricultural production.
The foam capacity was determined by the method of Narayana and Narasinga Rao In many cases, the increase in the agricultural output has preceded the major expansions of manufacturing. The colour attributes Hunter Laand b values of the yam flours and pastes obtained with a Rapid Visco Analyser were measured using a Minolta portable chroma-metre. The persistence of input supply problem has been associated largely with the issue of subsidy and its administration, as illustrated by the bottlenecks in the procurement and distribution of fertilizer by the government over the years.
This is in agreement with the earlier finding of Akissoe et al. Thus, the data mainly from primary sources were collected on such measurable variables as age, sex, level of education, and information relating to the system of yam cultivation, the benefits of yam cultivation, the challenges of yam cultivation in Wukari local government area etc.
Development at this level of conceptualization is often understood in terms of economic development. The major food crops produced in the country can be broadly divided into the following ecological belt; the mangrove swamp, the tropical rain forest, the forest savannah, the guinea savannah and the Sudan Savannah regions Adamu, With the distribution of rain fall from the Sahel to the swamp of about mm to over mm a year Nigeria can grow most tropical crops.
Water absorption, oil absorption, swelling index and foam capacity of soaked bitter yam flour. Amala produced from oven dried flours were observed to be lighter in color than sundried flour Jimoh et al. Starch contents determination Free sugar was extracted from the flour with hot ethanol while the starch was hydrolyzed to its monosaccharide with perchloric acid.
Others are civil servants and petty traders. Yam cultivation in Wukari local area was taken as a representation to act as proxy for the entire crop produce in the state, analysis was made based on data collected from respondents and the conclusion was applied to the whole crop situation in the state.
Joslyn AM ed Methods in food analysis, 2nd edn.